Stomach pain, often known as abdominal pain, can range in severity from bloating and indigestion to severe stabbing pain. The causes of stomach pain have different symptoms.
The pain can be minor or severe, dull or acute, intermittent or constant. The pain can originate anywhere in the abdomen and spread to other parts of the body, including the back, flank, and shoulder.
The following are some of the symptoms that could be associated with stomach pain:
- a stomach ache (may include vomiting blood)
- Skin and eyes turn yellow (jaundice)
- You’re sick (malaise)
- The urine is dark.
- Stools in a lighter hue
- Distention and bloating in the abdomen
- swollen lower limbs (edema)
- Bleeding inside the stomach
- Taste alteration
- Fullness sensation
- Loss of Weight
- Tenderness in your abdomen
- Urinary frequency or urgency are two terms that can be used to describe the frequency or urgency
- Urinating is difficult.
- Urinary incontinence is a common complaint.
- Urinary blood
- Bowel noises that are high-pitched or nonexistent
- Fuel (flatulence)
- Mental health problems
- Blood pressure levels are too low (hypotension)
- Stools that are bulky, stinky, and float
- Constipation problems
- Pain in the lower abdomen
Stomach ulcers or stomach inflammation are two causes of left-side stomach pain (gastritis). This could result in acute or chronic pain in the left upper abdomen. Nausea and vomiting are some of the other symptoms.
Everyone gets stomach aches now and then, and they’re usually not a cause for concern.
However, a few gastrointestinal symptoms should not be dismissed because they may indicate a major problem.
Stomach pains have a wide range of severity, but some acute or sudden onset pains may indicate an emergency condition such as appendicitis or a heart attack.
Here are some signs of stomach pain:
1) Pain in the upper abdomen between the ribs
If you experience aching or upper abdominal pain and pressure just below the ribs, this could be a sign of a heart problem. According to doctors, this upper abdominal pain is frequently accompanied by shortness of breath and is concerning if it persists. While this type of upper abdominal pain is frequently misdiagnosed as indigestion, anyone with risk factors such as diabetes or hypertension should see a doctor as soon as possible.
2) Severe, acute abdominal pain on the lower right side
Sudden notice of lower abdominal pain could be a sign of appendicitis. It is also possible to have a fever. Pain frequently begins around the belly button and worsens over time. Vomiting, constipation, or diarrhoea, in addition to pain, indicate that it is time to visit the emergency room. Physicians advise seeing a doctor as soon as possible if the pain occurs suddenly over several hours or is persistent. Appendicitis frequently necessitates surgery. A ruptured appendix can be lethal if left untreated.
3) Generalized upper abdominal pain accompanied by nausea and belching
Sometimes stomach pain is difficult to identify or occurs in conjunction with other symptoms. Vague pain in the upper and mid-abdominal region associated with nausea, burping, or belching could indicate a heart attack, especially in older patients. According to doctors, tests such as an ECG or cardiac markers can save lives. They also warn that vomiting accompanied by back or jaw pain and shortness of breath can indicate a life-threatening emergency.
4) Abdominal pain with a sudden and severe onset
When mid-abdominal pain occurs suddenly, it may be a sign of a perforation, which may necessitate emergency surgery, especially in people with a history of peptic ulcer disease or those who take excessive amounts of aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. A tear may cause air and gastric content to leak, resulting in peritonitis and, eventually, septic shock. To close the perforation, surgery would be required.
5) Lower abdominal pain in either the right or left side in women
In a woman who is in the middle of her cycle, the sudden onset of right or left lower abdominal pain may indicate a ruptured ovarian cyst. This type of lower abdominal pain could also indicate ovarian torsion, which is the rotation of the ovary and a portion of the fallopian tube, or ovarian twisting due to a compromised blood supply. Seek treatment at the nearest emergency department as soon as possible. The ovary may need to be removed surgically.
6) Pain in the lower abdomen resembling a knife
Pain in the lower abdomen that is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, fever, and chills could be a sign of kidney stones. Ultrasound or CT scans are used to diagnose kidney stones, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently prescribed for pain relief. According to doctors, in cases of severe pain, rescue narcotics or alpha-blockers, which relax blood vessels and allow larger stones to pass, may be prescribed.
7) Lower left-side belly pain that worsens when you move
Diverticulitis, or small pockets in the colon that can become obstructed and tear, can cause left lower abdominal pain. To reduce the risk of abscess formation, traditional treatment includes antibiotics and stool softeners. According to recent research, antibiotics may no longer be required in this scenario, with doctors recommending acetaminophen instead.
8) You have a fever along with sharp stomach pain.
A fever is one of the symptoms that doctors refer to as a red flag. If you have stabbing pain anywhere and a fever, you should see a doctor.
Fevers are frequently a sign of infection, and if they are accompanied by stomach pain, they may indicate a serious infection such as appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix) or colitis (inflammation of the colon).
9) You have blood in your stools or vomit.
If you have stomach pain and you’re losing blood — you’re vomiting blood, have bloody diarrhoea, or have blood in your stool — you should seek medical attention right away.
Sharp abdominal pain accompanied by bloody stools or vomit (or any vomiting at all) may indicate Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, both of which require medical treatment. Blood and stomach pain may also be symptoms of an ulcer, colon cancer, or bacterial infections (like those caused by E. coli and salmonella)
Treatment for stomach pain
Stomach pain treatment varies widely and is dependent on the cause.
It could include the following:
- Changing your diet
- Treatments with chemo and/or radiation
Modifications in lifestyle and diet may improve gut health and have a positive effect on overall health of a person. However, if a person experiences stomach pain frequently then one should consult a doctor immediately.
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